1. Having the Intention for Wudu
The intention has to be from the heart. Nothing needs to be verbalized.
2. Saying Bismillah Before Starting Wudu (Ablution)
Similar to starting any action, one should say bismillah-hiir-Rahman-Ar-Raheem (In the Name of Allah, the Most Benevolent, the Most Merciful)
3. Washing hands three times
This requires washing the hands until the wrist area.
4. Washing the mouth three times
This means cleaning the inside the mouth by rinsing thoroughly.
5. Cleaning the Nose
This requires putting water in the nose and blowing the water out so as to clean the inside thoroughly. This should be done three sides.
6. Washing the face
This should be done three times. The area should include from the hairline to the jawbone and chin and from ear to ear. A person who has a beard should wash the hair inside and out. For those who have a thick beard, the surface should be washed while running fingers through the hair of the beard so as to clear it of any dirt.
7. Washing the Arms
This involves washing the arms three times all the way from the finger nails to the elbows and a little past the elbows to ensure the elbows are cleaned fully.
8. Wiping the Head
This involves wetting the hands with water and the wiping the head starting from around the hairline to the back and then bringing the hands in reverse motion back to where one started. As for a woman, she should wipe her hair whether it is loose or braided from the front of her head to the roots of the hair at the nape of her neck. However, she does not have to wipe the entire length of her hair.
9. Cleaning the ears
This step involves taking the wet clean index finger and putting it into the ear and while cleaning it to use the wet clean thumb to clean the back of the ear. This should be done for both ears using the two hands simultaneously.
10. Washing the feet
The last washing step of the wudu involves washing the feet thoroughly until the ankles.
11. Ending the Wudu
At the end of the wudu, it is recommended to say,
“Ashhadu an laa ilaaha ill-Allaah wahdahu laa shareeka lah, wa ashhadu anna Muhammadan ‘abduhu wa rasooluhu (I bear witness that there is no god except Allaah alone with no partner or associate, and I bear witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah),”